Walleye are a much sought-after fish for their exceptional eating qualities, and can be found in a variety of locations throughout the year. They spawn in the spring usually shortly after ice-out. Walleye seek moving water or windswept shores in order to spawn. Due to the colder water temperatures of Spring, fish are sluggish and tend to chase food sources that are easily caught. Individuals should use smaller lures at this time of year.
Productive baits during this time of the year are live bait rigs, lead head jigs (1/16 to 1/8 oz) in combination with 2" to 3" twister tails or grubs. These may be tipped with a minnow, leech, or nightcrawler. Casting smaller minnow baits or slow trolling in shallow bays are effective techniques for picking up cold water walleye.
Once the spawn is complete, walleye will seek the warmer areas of the lake (shallow bays) to feed. The reason for this is that minnows begin to congregate in these warmer areas to spawn. Also, insect activity increases (i.e. dragonflies, mayflies, etc.) due to water warming trends.
As long summer days begin to warm the water throughout the lakes, walleye start to move toward the cooler water of increased depth. Heavier lead head jigs (1/4 - 3/8 oz) will continue to produce fish that are now holding around 12 to 21 feet in depth. Choose lures that are designed for fishing in these deeper waters (spinnerbaits, deep running crankbaits, spoons, live bait rigs, etc). Keep in mind you may still have to check the shallows, or go even deeper as these fish move to varying depths in order to find their food sources.